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What's in a Word?

The terms "subtitle" and "caption" are often used interchangeably, but there is a difference. Subtitles assume the audience can hear the movie, even if they can't understand the spoken language. Descriptions of sound effects aren't included, and the source of off-screen speakers is not noted, because the audience can determine who is speaking by the sound of the actor's voice.

Captions are titles designed for the deaf and hard of hearing. In addition to the actor's dialogue, captions include notations for sound effects, music, and other background noises, when these elements are important to the on-screen action.

Cinetyp is at the forefront of captioning for film, television, video, and digital media. We are the premier source of captions in motion picture films projected in theaters. With InSight Cinema we've captioned hundreds of first-run movies, which are shown in theaters throughout the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

Closed vs. Open Captions
There are two kinds of captioning: closed and open.

Most people are familiar with closed captioning, a technique of displaying the captioned text only when it is desired. Closed captioning of most pre-recorded television programs is now a legal requirement in the United States; since 1993, all television sets with screen sizes of 13 or more inches must contain the circuitry to decode and display closed captioning.

In the United States, television closed captioning is used by some 28 million Americans who are deaf or hard of hearing; millions more use it in the classroom or in noisy environments -- like bars, restaurants, and airports.

As the average age of the population increases, so do hearing impairments. According to US government figures, one person in five has some functional hearing limitation, and that percentage grows -- one in four by age 55 -- with older age. Because of the growing need (and awareness) of accessibility for the deaf and hard of hearing, many video releases on DVD and VHS also include closed captioning. This ensures these products reach the widest possible audience.

Open captions include the same text as closed captions, but the captions are a permanent part of the picture, and cannot be turned off. Open captioning is most often used in movie theaters. Each print contains the open captioned text, and is projected on the screen for everyone to see.

The advantage of open captioned movies: the theater is not required to purchase specialty caption display equipment. Most theaters that show captioned films dedicate a screen, or special show times, for their open captioned presentations.

Captioning Services
Cinetyp offers a wide variety of captioning services, including:

Open captioning for film. Captions can be lased directly onto the film, allowing you to release as few or as many open captioned prints as you like. This is a very cost-effective way to support the accessibility needs of deaf and hard of hearing movie-going audiences.
Closed captioning for television. Our modern video lab prepares the data for analog (Line 21) or digital television closed captions. The data can then be added to your master tape, or inserted on-air by the cable operator or broadcaster. The same data can be used in VHS and DVD projects. We can provide caption data in over a dozen popular formats, ensuring compatibility with post facilities and broadcasters.
Closed captioning for digital media. Using industry-standard file formats, we can prepare closed captioning data that can be used by all the major video players for the PC or Macintosh. See Digital Media for more details.


14402 Haynes Street | Suite 207
Van Nuys, CA 91401
Tel:(818) 510-0092
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